Turkey is the third most important bird after chicken and duck. They make up almost 2% of the total bird population. Turkeys are raised only for meat. Turkey meat is the leanest of the domestic poultry species. Turkish agriculture is common in most western countries. The main producers of Turkey are the United States, Canada, Germany, Italy, France, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.
Knowledge of turkey farming begins with learning some terminology, such as:
a. Tom – an adult male turkey
b. Hen – a mature female turkey
c. Polt – baby turkey
d. Snood or dew bill – is a fleshy lump near the base of the beck
e. Caruncles: This is a fleshy bump on the head and neck that is usually pink or red and appears in the 5th week.
f. Bread – is a bunch of hair that is attached to the skin on the chest
g. Damping behavior of a strut – tom
When starting to raise turkeys there are some safety precautions to be taken to avoid some problems.
1. To prevent feather picking and cannibalism, about half of the tip of the beak is removed from the chicks, usually in the 3rd or 5th week.
2. Removing the snood or dew bill usually prevents head injuries due to collection and fighting. It can be removed by finger pressure in a day. When the wells are 3 weeks old, the tap can be cut with sharp scissors.
3. An old turkey is trimmed by removing the tip of the toe.
The topic of turkey farming will not be complete without discussing eggs. Turkeys start laying eggs in the 30th week. The production period is about 24 weeks from the laying. If turkey hens are properly fed and have good artificial light, they can lay 60-100 eggs per year. In most cases, about 70% of the eggs will be laid in the evening. Turkey eggs are dyed, weighing about 85 grams, and are pointed at one end and with a remarkably strong shell.
As mentioned before, turkey meat is the leanest. It is also rich in essential amino acids and vitamins such as niacin and vitamin B6. It is also low in cholesterol.
Good turkey housing is an important aspect of turkey farming. Turkeys should be protected from sun, rain and wind, as well as predators. They should also be given comfort.
You can find a lot of information about raising turkeys on the Internet. There are specific discussions about, among other things, proper housing, feeding, and raising turkeys.