The overall appearance of the Labrador is a powerfully built and short dog. His friendly and gentle nature can be seen in the dog’s relaxed demeanor and the constant wagging of his tail.
The average lifespan of this species is 13 years. Height varies from 22.5 inches to 25 inches for dogs, and 22 to 23 inches for females. From 25 kg to 36 kg depending on the production line or animal line, well trained and fed.
Head: The skull is broad with a pronounced and wide mouth. The head is well set on a smooth and muscular neck.
Eyes: Eyes are well set and large with dark brown or hazel rims. Black eyes are rarely seen in Labradors. Some breeders believe that dark eyes and a tough personality go hand in hand. The language should reflect the intelligence and anger of the dog. The eyes should not be protruding as protruding eyes can put the dog in danger while working in the thick forest.
Cat: The ears are not large or heavy but lie back on the head. Ears that hang forward prevent the dog from picking up the game properly. Ears keep dirt and debris out of the ear canal.
Nose: Broad nose with fine nostrils. Usually black and yellow Labs can change color with age and take on a red hue. This is called a ‘snow’ or ‘winter’ nose. The muzzle should be long enough for the dog to take game and especially hares and rabbits.
Mouth: The Labrador has a sharp bite (the lower teeth fit into the upper jaw) and the mouth should rest on the chin.
Neck: Strong and organized strength is seen in well-set shoulders.
Body: The Labrador has a short stocky body (meaning the spine is not very long) with a deep and broad chest with well-sprung ribs. The length of the Labrador’s body from the withers to the tail should be the same as the length from the ground to the withers. A top line goes through strong hips with good cuts. The back is well designed and does not go up to the tail. The hocks are slightly bent. The joints of the legs are designed when the upper joints fly so that they can concertina down to protect the bones from the stress of the impact.
Feet: The feet are round and firm with good toes and webbing to aid in swimming. Deep snow and ice don’t stick to Labradors paws allowing the dog to make the most of the weather.
Hair: This should be carried tall, thick at the base and thin towards the tip. Labradors tail is described as an “otter” tail to aid the dogs swimming ability.
Coat: Early Labradors are sometimes very dark with white patches on the legs and feet. Today’s Labrador comes in three colors, black, yellow, (which can range from light skin to rich foxy red) and chocolate or liver. All three colors can be found in a single box because each Labrador carries multiple genes. The hard coat is short, stiff and flat with a soft, weather-resistant undercoat. Labradors’ coats require little grooming except during moulting. Bathing is not necessary because the clothes contain oils that prevent dirt.
Personality: Although a hard-working dog full of energy, the Labrador Retriever is the most gentle and calm breed of dog without any serious emotions. This is not a guard dog and he loves the rider with a wide smile and a wagging tail. The most important thing that can be said about their visit is the ability to speak a word of advice. The Labrador Retriever is playful, affectionate and patient with children. They show a desire to please their family and love to be beaten and blamed.
Exercise: Labradors are high-energy, energetic dogs that require daily exercise and physical activity. Labs have had a hard time getting game on land and water and although they are now a firm favorite as family pets they need an outlet for their great strength. They will play endless fetch or climb a mountain with you. They will go with pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and enjoy swimming in any body of water. Labradors do well in dog sports such as agility or jumping. A well-trained Lab will be happy to sleep all day outside of the family. Lack of exercise causes fatigue that leads them to be destructive and stubborn. Many Labs end up in rescue shelters because the owners don’t understand the animal’s physical needs. A large part of the training session should be practiced which ends with a lot of playing time.
Personality: These dogs are friendly, gentle, easy going, agile, hard working, strong, playful and willing to learn. The Labrador Retriever can learn hundreds of words or commands so it’s easy to see why they were voted the most popular dog in the world. They are slow to mature and keep the dog in shape for something up to three years. Labrador dogs are notorious for their mouths and often bite fingers or clothes. They need solid training to overcome this. Therefore, this behavior is left so that the owner can be deceived into thinking that the dog/human relationship needs little things from the owner. This is not the case! According to Mary Feazell, a Labrador lover and dog trainer, 95% of an adult dog depends on its owner and only 5% on the dog itself. Mary Feazell says: “Labs are naturally good swimmers, but they can’t walk on water”
The physical appearance of the dog or most gundog breeds is indicative of being bred for a reason. Like many sporting breeds, the Labrador Retriever is divided into two distinct groups, field and show breeds. The difference between the two styles is so significant that the field style is mistaken for ‘American’ and the display style is ‘English’. Those dogs bred for their natural retrieving ability and natural desire to work are called ‘Field Labradors. Generally, Field Labradors have longer legs, smaller heads and longer muzzles. ‘Show’ dogs are carefully bred to conform to a physical and behavioral standard set by leading kennel companies.
This is a dog that loves everything and is happy to be with children and other animals. His calm demeanor and loyalty to his family endures through every challenge. Although they are well known as family dogs and all-round pets, it must be remembered that this dog was bred to work, and if you do not give your Labrador a lot of work, mentally and physically, you may experience some difficulties at times. . The best way to keep such a dog is as a working dog, using his activities to keep him busy and fulfilled.